The study of the causes and consequences of illness or injury is known as pathology. Pathology also refers to the general study of disease, which encompasses a broad variety of biological research areas and medical procedures.

A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test used to evaluate your overall health and detect a wide range of disorders, including anemia, infection and leukemia.

To detect blood related disorders . A blood smear is a sample of blood that is tested on a specially treated slide to diagnose blood disorders

The antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer test is a blood test that checks for streptococcus infections caused by bacteria

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a blood test marker for inflammation in the body. CRP is produced in the liver and its level is measured by testing the blood.

Rheumatoid factor test is used by healthcare professionals to help in diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis.

A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix.